RALEIGH-- Monday justices with the US Supreme Court decided 5-4 to uphold a New York town's practice of starting town meetings with official sectarian prayer. The practice was challenged by residents of Greece, N.Y. who objected to hearing government prayers, the vast majority of which were expressly Christian invocations, as a condition of attending public meetings.
Several years ago, the ACLU filed a lawsuit three women's behalf in Forsyth County. Commissioner Gloria Whisenhunt said the women were upset commissioners were praying in Jesus' name. Since then, Forsyth County has not prayed before meetings.
SCOTUS' 5-4 decision in favor of the any-prayer-goes policy in the town of Greece, N.Y., avoided two alternatives that the justices clearly sought to avoid: having government leaders parse prayers, or outlawing them altogether.
WFMY News 2 found out Forsyth County isn't the only county impacted by the Supreme Court's decision. Scott Gaylord, a law professor with Elon says Monday's ruling effects thousands of cities all over the country. Gaylord said this decision is different than children praying in school because of the factor that attendance is mandatory in schools. In legislative meetings,In legislative meetings, attendance is not mandatory and people can get up and leave when they want to.
WFMY News 2 received this statement about the decision from North Carolina's ACLU: "We strongly disagree with today's 5-4 decision," said Jennifer Rudinger, Executive Director of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) of North Carolina. "Today's ruling is a disappointing setback for the rights of citizens of all beliefs to be treated equally by their government. Opening government meetings with prayers from a specific religious viewpoint tells citizens with different beliefs that they are not welcome and sends a message that the government endorses certain religious views over others. While we disagree with today's ruling, it is a fact-specific decision making plain there are still limits on the types of prayers that legislative bodies may permit."
The ACLU of North Carolina Legal Foundation filed a federal lawsuit in 2013 on behalf of three Rowan County citizens, demanding that the Rowan County Board of Commissioners stop its practice of opening government meetings with prayers that are specific to one religion. More than 97 percent of board meetings since 2007 had been opened by commissioners who delivered prayers specific to one religion, Christianity. On July 23, 2013, the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina issued a preliminary injunction ordering the Rowan County Board of Commissioners to immediately cease its practice of opening government meetings with prayers specific to one religion.
"The facts in today's ruling are very different from those in Rowan County, where government officials have conducted invocations specific to one religion in a manner that is unconstitutional," said Chris Brook, Legal Director of the ACLU of North Carolina Legal Foundation, who is representing the plaintiffs in the Rowan case. "In the Town of Greece, the prayers were delivered by invited clergy, but in Rowan County, the prayers are composed and delivered by government officials themselves, reinforcing the impression that the government is favoring certain religious views over others and making it impossible for citizens of different beliefs to lead or be included in invocations."
Monday the Supreme Court decided 5-4 in favor of the any-prayer-goes policy in the town of Greece, N.Y. Assoc Professor Scott Gaylord at Elon University Law School in Greensboro talked about SCOTUS' decision.